The US Marine Corps has long established its reputation of honing men and women into effective combat soldiers. The methods of training employed by the marines are now referred to as Marine Corps Martial Arts, a self-defense system that is effective. This self-defense system deals with close quarters combat, viewed as the most important area of all strategic and self-defense fighting. As its name indicates, close quarters means combat within close range. The opponent is within striking range. Close quarters combat is extremely important as the majority of the fights that take place are within this range.